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Bird Flu (cont.)

For More Information on Bird Flu

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease


Nettleman, Mary D. "Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu)." Sept. 7, 2011. <>.

Pena, Sutton, et al. "Influenza viruses with rearranged genomes as live-attenuated vaccines." J. Virol. Online ahead of print, Feb. 28, 2013, doi:10.1128/JVI.02490-12

Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Cumulative Number of Confirmed Human Cases of Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Reported to WHO." Mar. 12, 2013.

Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Human Infection With Influenza A(H7N9) Virus in China - Update." Apr. 5, 2013. <>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Avian Influenza A (H7N9) Virus." Apr. 5, 2013.

United States. <>.

United States. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. "FDA Approves New Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Made Using Novel Technology." Jan. 16, 2013. <>.

Van Kerkhove, M.D., E. Mumford, A.W. Mounts, J. Bresee, S. Ly, C.B. Bridges, and J. Otte. "Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1): Pathways of Exposure at the Animal-Human Interface, a Systematic Review." PLoS One 6.1 Jan. 24, 2011: e14582.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/31/2015

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Bird Flu - Prevention

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Influenza viruses rank among the most common causes of respiratory tract infection worldwide, causing a mean of 36,000 deaths in the United States each year.

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