Birth Control Behavioral Methods Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Birth Control Behavioral Methods article.

Abstinence: The voluntary self-denial of food, drink, or sex. Today, abstinence most commo...

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Amenorrhea: Absence or cessation of menstruation. Amenorrhea is conventionally divided ...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervical cancer: Cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). The cervix is the lower, na...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Coitus: Sexual intercourse.

Coitus interruptus: A method of contraception, also called withdrawal, in which the man wi...

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Conception: 1. The union of the sperm and the ovum. Synonymous with fertilization.
...

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Douche: Usually, a stream of water applied into the vagina for cleansing purposes. A douch...

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Douching: Using water or a medicated solution to clean the vagina and cervix or any other ...

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Ectopic: In the wrong place, out of place. For example, an ectopic kidney is a kidney that...

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Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy that is not in the uterus. The fertilized egg settles and g...

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Ejaculation: Ejection of sperm and seminal fluid during an orgasm in a male.

Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fertile: Able to conceive and bear offspring. Also known as fecund.

Fertility: The ability to conceive and bear children, the ability to become pregnant throu...

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Fertility awareness: Also known as natural family planning, periodic abstinence and the rh...

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Fertilization: The process of combining the male gamete, or sperm, with the female gamete,...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Formula feeding: Feeding an infant or toddler prepared formula instead of or in addition t...

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Gynecology: The branch of medicine that is particularly concerned with the health of the f...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertile: Not able to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception....

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Natural family planning: Also known as fertility awareness, periodic abstinence and the rh...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Obstetrics: The art and science of managing pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium (the time...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ovulation: The release of the ripe egg (ovum) from the ovary. The egg is released when the...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Periodic abstinence: Also known as fertility awareness, natural family planning, and the r...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Rhythm method: Also known as fertility awareness, natural family planning, and periodic ab...

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Sperm: A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the female &qu...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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