Birth Control Intrauterine Devices (IUDS) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Birth Control Intrauterine Devices (IUDS) article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abortion: In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (th...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Artificial heart: A human-made heart. An artificial heart is a mechanical pump that is use...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cancer of the cervix: See: Cervical cancer.

Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Ectopic: In the wrong place, out of place. For example, an ectopic kidney is a kidney that...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Intrauterine: In the uterus.

Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells. Strictly speaking, leukemia should refer only to canc...

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Levonorgestrel: A progestin. Named levonorgestrel because it is the levorotatory form of n...

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Medicaid: A number of US programs of public assistance for persons whose income is insuffi...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Miscarriage: Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable pr...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Ovulation: The release of the ripe egg (ovum) from the ovary. The egg is released when the...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Progestin: Any one of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone.

Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microor...

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Speculum: An instrument that is used to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix...

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Sperm: A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the female &qu...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Uterine lining: The inner layer of the uterus (womb); the cells that line the womb; anatom...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Ventricular: Pertaining to the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart, as in ventricu...

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Wilson disease: An inherited disorder of copper metabolism that results in an abnormal acc...

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Medical Dictionary