Birth Control Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) Topic Guide
Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) for Birth Control: An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small T-shaped plastic device that is placed in the uterus for birth control. Currently in the United States, 2 types of IUDs are available: copper (ParaGard) and hormonal (Skyla or Mirena). Side effects include heavier periods and worsening menstrual cramps and irregular periods.
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Tubal Ligation (Tubal Sterilization) Tubal ligation (tubal sterilization or tubes tied) is a surgical procedure to block a woman's Fallopian tubes. There are few risks with tubal ligation, however, risks do include general anesthesia, bleeding, infection, or injury to other organs in your body during the surgery. Tubal ligation is permanent and cannot be easily reversed.