Birth Control Overview (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What is the effectiveness of condoms, and what are the side effects of condoms?
Male condom: The male condom (also called a rubber) is a thin sheath placed over an erect penis. A man or his partner unrolls the condom over his penis before he places the penis in the woman's vagina. A male condom prevents pregnancy by acting as a physical barrier to the passage of semen into the vagina. A condom can be worn only once. It is one of the most popular methods of contraception. Condoms may be purchased at most drug and grocery stores. They are also sold from dispensers in many public restrooms. Condom use has increased among all women of reproductive age because of their concern about contracting HIV (the virus that leads to AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms made from latex are most effective in preventing unwanted pregnancy. They also serve to protect against sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS and gonorrhea. Condoms should not be used use condoms with petroleum jelly, lotions, or oils, as these may decrease its effectiveness. They can decrease the effectiveness. They can be used with lubricants that are not oil-based such as K-Y Jelly.
Female condom: The female condom (brand name: Reality) is a polyurethane sheath intended for 1-time use, similar to the male condom. You can buy them at a drugstore without a prescription. The female condom prevents pregnancy by acting as a barrier to the passage of semen into the vagina. The male partner should not use a condom at the same time because they may adhere to each other, leading to slippage or displacement of either device. If you have to choose between the two methods, the male condom confers better protection.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/26/2016
Wayne Blocker, MD
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