Birth Control Overview Topic Guide

Birth Control Types (Effectiveness and Side Effects) Birth Control Types (Effectiveness and Side Effects): Many different types of birth control are available. They include:
  • hormonal methods,
  • barrier methods, and
  • behavioral methods.
  • These methods offer varying degrees of effectiveness.

Side effects of birth control depends upon the method chosen. Common side effects of the birth control pill (the most common form of birth control used by women in the US) include:

  • Fluid retention
  • Breakthrough bleeding
  • Missed periods
  • Anxiety
  • Mood changes
  • Decreased sexual desire
A couple should discuss which is right for them with a medical professional before making a decision on which to use.


Medical Dictionary