Bladder Cancer (cont.)
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Medical Treatment: Radiation
Standard therapies for bladder cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy or biological therapy.
Radiation is a painless, invisible high-energy ray that can kill both cancer cells and normal cells in its path. New radiation treatments are able to focus radiation better and damage fewer normal cells. Radiation may be given for small muscle-invasive bladder cancers. It is commonly used as an alternative approach to or in addition to surgery. Either of two types of radiation can be used. However, for greatest therapeutic efficacy, it should be given in conjunction with chemotherapy:
Unfortunately, radiation affects not only cancer cells but also any healthy tissues it touches. With external radiation, healthy tissue overlying or adjacent to the tumor can be damaged if the radiation cannot be focused enough. The side effects of radiation depend on the dose and the area of the body where the radiation is targeted.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/17/2015
Gary David Steinberg, MD
Mark H. Katz, MD
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