Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clot in the Leg, DVT) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clot in the Leg, DVT) article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute pain: Pain that comes on quickly, can be severe, but lasts a relatively shorter peri...

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Anticoagulant: An agent that is used to prevent the formation of blood clots. Anticoagulan...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood-thinner: A common name for an anticoagulant agent used to prevent the formation of b...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Coagulation: In medicine, the clotting of blood. The process by which the blood clots to f...

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Collarbone: A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shou...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Deep vein thrombosis: A blood clot within a deep vein, typically in the thigh or leg. The ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drip: Short for intravenous drip, a device for administering a fluid drop-by-drop into a v...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Embolism: The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot that tr...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enoxaparin: A low-molecular-weight version of heparin that acts like heparin as an anticoa...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Family physician: A physician who is educated and trained in family practice.

Femoral: Having to do with the femur.

Femoral vein: The large vein in the groin that passes with the femoral artery under the in...

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Fluoroscopy: An x-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion.

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

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High altitude: Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude?

Iliac: Pertaining to the ilium.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inferior: In anatomy, below or toward the feet. As opposed to superior. The liver is infer...

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Inferior vena cava: A large vein that receives blood from the lower extremities, pelvis an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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International normalized ratio: A system established by the World Health Organization (WHO...

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Interventional: Pertaining to the act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the ...

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Interventional radiologist: A radiologist who uses image guidance methods to gain access t...

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Intracranial: Within the cranium, the bony dome that houses and protects the brain.

Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lower leg: The lower leg is the bottom segment of the leg: the part below the knee.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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MedicAlert: A nonprofit emergency medical information service, known for its MedicAlert je...

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Milligram: A unit of measurement of mass in the metric system equal to a thousandth of a g...

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Obese: Well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be ob...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Organ failure: The failure of an essential system in the body. Multiple organ failure is t...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Post-thrombotic syndrome: The complications that may follow deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Th...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Probability: The likelihood that something will happen. For example, a probability of less...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prophylaxis: The prevention of disease.

Prothrombin: A coagulation (clotting) factor that is needed for the normal clotting of blo...

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Prothrombin time: A test that is done to gauge the integrity of part of the blood clotting...

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Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proxim...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary embolism: Sudden closure of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches, caused by...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Subclavian: Under the clavicle (the collar bone), as the subclavian artery or the subclav...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Thromboembolism: Formation in a blood vessel of a clot (thrombus) that breaks loose and is...

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Thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein that occurs when a blood clot forms.

Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vena cava: The superior vena cava is the large vein which returns blood to the heart from ...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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