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Blood Clots (cont.)


Prevention is always the key in medicine. This is especially true when it comes to many of the diseases associated with blood clots.

  • Risks of arterial blood clots associated with heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease may be minimized by keeping high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol levels under control. Smoking cessation should be a priority.
  • Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus prevention is a priority in hospitalized patients. Often those undergoing surgery are aggressively encouraged to start walking as early as possible, and medications such as heparin are used prophylactically to prevent clot formation.
  • Travelers should be encouraged to get up, stretch, and walk routinely. This is especially true on long airplane trips or long car rides.
  • Hormone therapy is a risk for blood clot formation, and smoking compounds that risk. People who choose to smoke should notify their health care practitioner; the benefits of birth control and/or hormone therapy will need to be balanced against the risk of complications.

Medically reviewed by Robert J. Bryg, MD; Board Certified Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Cardiovascular Disease

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/27/2014

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