Blood Clots (cont.)
Prevention is always the key in medicine. This is especially true when it
comes to many of the diseases associated with blood clots.
- Risks of arterial blood clots associated with heart
disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease may be minimized by keeping high
diabetes, and cholesterol levels under control. Smoking cessation should be a
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus prevention is a priority in
hospitalized patients. Often those undergoing surgery are aggressively
encouraged to start walking as early as possible, and medications such as
heparin are used prophylactically to prevent clot formation.
- Travelers should be encouraged to get up, stretch, and walk routinely. This
is especially true on long airplane trips or long car rides.
- Hormone therapy is a risk for blood clot formation, and
smoking compounds that risk. People who choose to smoke should notify their
health care practitioner; the benefits of birth control and/or hormone therapy will need to be
balanced against the risk of complications.
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