Blood Clots Topic Guide
Blood Clots: Blood is supposed to clot to help repair a blood vessel that is injured. Clots or thrombi become a problem when they form inappropriately. There are a variety of illnesses and risk factors that can lead to blood clot formation such as atrial fibrillation, heart attack, strokes, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and more. Diagnosis and treatment of blood clots depends on the cause and severity of the clot.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clot in the Leg, DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg, DVT) is a blood clot imbedded in one of the major veins of the lower body, including the legs, thighs, or pelvis. Causes of DVT include prolonged sitting while traveling, trauma, prolonged immobility, obesity, heart attack, hormone therapy, cancer, respiratory conditions, and aging. Symptoms of DVT include redness and warmth to the touch, leg cramps, edema, and pain. Treatment is generally blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin).
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