Blood in the Urine Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Blood in the Urine article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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BPH: Benign prostatic hyperplasia, benign prostatic hypertrophy.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Compress: Cloth or another material applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Cystoscopy: A procedure in which a lighted optical instrument called a cystoscope is inser...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Gross hematuria: Blood in the urine that can be seen with the naked eye. Hematuria may or ...

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Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

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Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

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Hyperplasia: An increase in the number of normal cells in a tissue or an organ. Hyperplasi...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intravenous pyelogram: An X-ray of the kidneys and urinary tract. Abbreviated IVP. Structu...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Nephrolithiasis: The process of forming a kidney stone, a stone in the kidney (or lower do...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Painful urination: See: Dysuria.

Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic pain: : Pain perceived in the area of the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen loc...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate enlargement: Most prostatic enlargement is due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (B...

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Prostate gland: A gland in the male reproductive system that is located just below the bla...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Pyelogram: An X-ray study of the kidneys, especially showing the pelvis (urine-collecting ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sickle cell disease: A genetic blood disorder caused by the presence of an abnormal form ...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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UTI: Urinary tract infection.

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