Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) (cont.)
Blood in Urine Diagnosis
A number of different tests are used to determine the cause of blood in the urine:
- Urinalysis with microscopic examination of the urine reveals not only blood, but also evidence of infection, such as white blood cells and bacteria. The urinalysis also can show evidence of kidney disease when present.
- Urine culture or tests to identify genetic material of microorganisms can identify the precise cause of an infection.
- Blood tests can be used to evaluate kidney function.
- Cystoscopy is a procedure that is used to examine the inside of the urethra and bladder with a thin tube-like instrument. Tissue samples (biopsies) to rule out cancer cells may be taken using cystoscopy.
- Biopsy of the kidneys can be performed to diagnose kidney diseases that may lead to blood in the urine.
- Imaging tests of the kidneys such as CT scans or X-rays using contrast material (known as an intravenous pyelogram) can be performed to evaluate obstructions in the urinary tract.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/19/2015
Must Read Articles Related to Blood in the Urine (Hematuria)
Antibiotics are prescribed to individuals to cure disease by killing bacteria. There are over 100 antibiotics. The main classes of antibiotics include penicilli...learn more >>
Chronic Kidney Disease
Twenty percent of people over the age of 20 years will develop chronic kidney disease in their lifetime. Chronic kidney disease causes are diseases of the kidne...learn more >>
Computerized tomography scans (CT scans) are an important diagnostic tool for a variety of medical conditions. The process uses X-rays and a computer to produce...learn more >>