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Bone Cancer (cont.)

Types of Bone Cancer

  • Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. It is most common in males between 10-25 years of age, but it can also occur in older adults. The most likely locations for developing osteosarcoma are in the long bones of the arms and legs near the growth regions of the knees and shoulders. This is often a very aggressive cancer, and it can spread (metastasize) to the lungs.


  • Ewing's sarcoma is the most aggressive bone tumor. It is more common in younger children between 4-15 years old. It is more common in boys and very rarely seen in those over 30 years of age. It is most commonly found in the middle portions of the long bones in the arms and legs. It can also spread to the lungs and other body tissues.


  • Chondrosarcoma is the second most common bone cancer. In contrast to the previously described tumors, chondrosarcoma develops from the cartilage cells, not from the bone cells themselves. The pelvis and the hip and shoulder bones are most commonly affected. It is most common in people over 40 years of age. It can also spread to the lungs and lymphatic system.


  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a cancer that does not affect the bone cells but does affect the soft tissues surrounding the bones, including the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and fat cells. It is most common in people 50-60 years old. It is most common in the arms and legs, and is more common in males.


  • Fibrosarcoma is a rare soft tissue tumor that most commonly occurs around the knee. It usually affects people 35-55 years old and is more common in males.


  • Chordoma is a very rare tumor usually seen in people over 30 years old. It is most commonly found in either the lower or upper ends of the spinal column.

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