Bone Spurs Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bone Spurs article.

Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Calcaneus: The heel bone, a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot. Also kn...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: A form of degenerative arthritis characteristica...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia.

Heel bone: Formally called the calcaneus. A more or less rectangular bone at the back of ...

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Hyperostosis: Overgrowth of bone.

Idiopathic: Of unknown cause. Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be te...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Plantar: Having to do with the sole of the foot.

Plantar fasciitis: Inflammation of the plantar fascia, the bowstring-like tissue that stre...

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Radiculopathy: Any disease of the spinal nerve roots and spinal nerves. Radiculopathy is c...

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Rotator cuff: A group of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Each of these ten...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Skeletal: Pertaining to the skeleton, the bones of the body that collectively provide the ...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal cord compression: The act of exerting an abnormal amount of pressure on the spinal...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendin...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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