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BOTOX Injections (cont.)

Authors and Editors

Author: Joel Schlessinger, MD, Consulting Staff, Dermatology, Skin Specialists, PC.

Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Previous contributing editors:

Editors: Dirk M Elston, MD, Consulting Staff, Department of Dermatology, Geisinger Medical Center; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; William D James, MD, Program Director, Vice-Chair, Paul R Gross Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.

REFERENCES:

About Botox Cosmetic. <http://www.botoxcosmetic.com/About_Botox.aspx>.

Antonucci , Flavia, et al. "Long-Distance Retrograde Effects of Botulinum Neurotoxin A." The Journal of Neuroscience 28.14 Apr. 2, 2008: 3689-3696; doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0375-08.2008.

Cohen, J.L., J. Schlessinger, S.E. Cox, X. Lin; Reloxin Investigational Group. "An analysis of the long-term safety data of repeat administrations of botulinum neurotoxin type A-ABO for the treatment of glabellar lines." Aesthet Surg J. 29.6 Nov. 2009: S43-49.

"Medication Guide: Botox." Allergan.com. <http://www.allergan.com/assets/pdf/botox_med_guide.pdf>.

Schlessinger, Joel, G. Monheit, M.A. Kane, and N. Mendelsohn. "Time to onset of Response of Abobotulinumtoxin A in the Treatment of Glabellar Lines: A Subset analysis of Phase 3 Clinical Trials of a New Botulinum Toxin Type A." Dermatol Surgl. 37.10 Oct. 2011: 1434-1442. [Published on-line. July 11, 2011|001:10.1111/j.1524-4725.2011.02075.x]

Schlessinger, Joel, J. Kenkel, and P. Werschler. "Further Enhancement of Facial Appearance With a Hydroquinone Skin Care System Plus Tretinoin in Patients Previously Treated With Botulinum Toxin Type A." Aesthet Surg J. 31.5 July 2011: 529-539.


Last Editorial Review: 7/17/2012

Medical Author:

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BOTOX® Injections to Improve Facial Aesthetics »

Botulinum toxin is best known to clinicians as a deadly poison produced by the Clostridium botulinum bacterium.

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