Brain Cancer (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What Exams and Tests Diagnose Brain Cancer?
If findings of a medical history and physical examination suggest to the health-care professional that a person may have a problem in the brain or brain stem, additional tests may be done.
People with brain cancer often have other medical problems; therefore, routine laboratory tests may be performed.
The standard way of evaluating the nature and extent of a brain tumor is an MRI scan (note that some hospitals do not have MRI scanners).
If CT or MRI scans indicate the presence of a brain tumor, the person will be referred to brain surgery (a neurosurgeon). If one is available in the area, the person may also be referred to a specialist in radiation therapy called a radiation oncologist, and a medical oncologist if they specialize in the chemotherapeutic treatment of brain tumors (a medical or neuro-oncologist).
The next step in diagnosis is confirmation that the person has cancer in the brain. A scan can be considered to be highly suspicious, or even highly likely to demonstrate a brain tumor, but confirmation requires a tissue diagnosis whenever possible. A small sample of the tumor (a biopsy) is taken to identify the type of tumor and the grade of the tumor.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/29/2016
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