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Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) (cont.)

Brain Lesions Signs and Symptoms in Infants and Children

The third set of signs and symptoms are those that are relatively unique to infants and children, however they are not necessarily specific for a particular type of brain lesion. Nonetheless, they are signs and symptoms that indicate that a problem with the brain is likely and that the child needs immediate medical evaluation:

  • Bulging fontanelle (where the skull has not yet closed - a soft, small area of thin membrane and skin covering the brain that can expand or bulge outward when the brain experiences abnormal pressure from any source)
  • Abnormal red reflex in the eye (may be due tocataracts or retinoblastoma)
  • Skull sutures not closing normally (due to brain tissue expansion or pressure)
  • Babinski reflex (up-going big toe and other toes fan out when the sole of the foot is firmly stroked) if present in children over 2 yrs old, is an indicator of a problem in the central nervous system (CNS)

Occasionally, brain injured adults will also develop a Babinski reflex indicating nerve pathway damage between the spinal cord and the brain.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/27/2014
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