Breast Infection Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Breast Infection article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Areola: 1. The small darkened area around the nipple of the breast. 2. The colored part of...

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Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

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Axilla: Armpit.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Breast abscess: A local accumulation of pus within the breast due to infection. Symptoms m...

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Breast biopsy: A procedure in which a sample of a suspicious breast growth is removed and ...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Breast infection: Infection of breast tissue usually caused by bacteria, most often staph ...

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Breast milk: Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that close...

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Breast pain: Pain in the breast or mammary gland, known medically as mastalgia. From the G...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic illness: An illness that lasts 3 months or more.

Compress: Cloth or another material applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Erythromycin: Erythromycin is a common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infant formula: A substitute for breast milk for feeding infants.

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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La Leche League: An organization that helps and supports breastfeeding mothers with advice...

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Lactation: The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, w...

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Mammogram: An X-ray of the breast that is taken with a device that compresses and flattens...

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Mastitis: Inflammation of one or more mammary glands within the breast, usually in a lacta...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Methicillin: A semisynthetic penicillin-related antibiotic, also known as Staphcillin, tha...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Probe: 1: In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to explore, ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rigor: A word with two different but related meanings in medicine:
1. A chill...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Medical Dictionary