Breast Lumps and Pain Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Breast Lumps and Pain article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

See the entire definition of Abscess

Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

See the entire definition of Aging

Alveoli: The plural of alveolus. The alveoli are tiny air sacs within the lungs where the ...

See the entire definition of Alveoli

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

See the entire definition of Analysis

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

See the entire definition of Anesthesia

Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

See the entire definition of Anesthetic

Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

See the entire definition of Antibiotic

Areola: 1. The small darkened area around the nipple of the breast. 2. The colored part of...

See the entire definition of Areola

Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

See the entire definition of Aspiration

Axilla: Armpit.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

See the entire definition of Benign

Bilateral: Affecting both sides. For example, bilateral arthritis affects joints on both t...

See the entire definition of Bilateral

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

See the entire definition of Biopsy back to top

Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

See the entire definition of Birth control

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Breast abscess: A local accumulation of pus within the breast due to infection. Symptoms m...

See the entire definition of Breast abscess

Breast biopsy: A procedure in which a sample of a suspicious breast growth is removed and ...

See the entire definition of Breast biopsy

Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

See the entire definition of Breast cancer

Breast infection: Infection of breast tissue usually caused by bacteria, most often staph ...

See the entire definition of Breast infection

Breast lump: A localized swelling, knot, bump, bulge or protuberance in the breast. Breast...

See the entire definition of Breast lump

Breast milk: Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that close...

See the entire definition of Breast milk

Breast pain: Pain in the breast or mammary gland, known medically as mastalgia. From the G...

See the entire definition of Breast pain

Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

See the entire definition of Breastfeeding

Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

See the entire definition of Bruise

Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

See the entire definition of Caffeine

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

See the entire definition of Chest

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

See the entire definition of Chills back to top

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Costochondritis: Inflammation and swelling of the cartilage of the chest wall, usually inv...

See the entire definition of Costochondritis

Cyst: A closed sac or capsule, usually filled with fluid or semisolid material.

Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

See the entire definition of Cysts

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

See the entire definition of Discharge

Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

See the entire definition of Drain

Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

See the entire definition of Duct

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

See the entire definition of Estrogen

Excisional: Pertaining to the act of excision, of removal by surgery. An excisional biopsy...

See the entire definition of Excisional

Excisional biopsy: A biopsy in which an entire lesion is removed. A excisional biopsy is...

See the entire definition of Excisional biopsy

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

See the entire definition of Family history

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

See the entire definition of Fever back to top

Fibroadenoma: The most common benign tumor of the breast and the most common breast tumor ...

See the entire definition of Fibroadenoma

Fine needle aspiration: The use of a thin needle to withdraw material from the body for an...

See the entire definition of Fine needle aspiration

Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

See the entire definition of Genes

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Genetic testing: Tests done for clinical genetic purposes. Genetic tests may be done for ...

See the entire definition of Genetic testing

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

See the entire definition of Genetics

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

See the entire definition of Gland

Gynecomastia: Excessive development of the male breasts. Temporary enlargement of the brea...

See the entire definition of Gynecomastia

Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

See the entire definition of Herbal

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

See the entire definition of Ibuprofen

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

See the entire definition of Incidence

Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection back to top

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

See the entire definition of Laboratory

Lactation: The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, w...

See the entire definition of Lactation

Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

See the entire definition of Lesion

Lymphatics: Small thin channels similar to blood vessels that do not carry blood, but coll...

See the entire definition of Lymphatics

Mammogram: An X-ray of the breast that is taken with a device that compresses and flattens...

See the entire definition of Mammogram

Mastalgia: Pain in the breast or mammary gland, whether serious or not. Mastalgia has many...

See the entire definition of Mastalgia

Mastitis: Inflammation of one or more mammary glands within the breast, usually in a lacta...

See the entire definition of Mastitis

Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

See the entire definition of Menopause

Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

See the entire definition of Menstrual

Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

See the entire definition of Menstrual cycle

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Nipple discharge: See: Breast discharge.

Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

See the entire definition of Nursing back to top

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset

Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Oxymetholone: A synthetic male steroid hormone that is sometimes used to treat wasting in ...

See the entire definition of Oxymetholone

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

See the entire definition of Pituitary

Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is ca...

See the entire definition of Pituitary gland

Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

See the entire definition of Postmenopausal

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Premenstrual: Just before the start of menstruation. As in a premenstrual headache.

Premenstrual syndrome: A combination of physical and mood disturbances that occur in the l...

See the entire definition of Premenstrual syndrome

Probe: 1: In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to explore, ...

See the entire definition of Probe

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

See the entire definition of Puberty

Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

See the entire definition of Pus

Radiate: To spread out from a central area. For example, sciatic pain may radiate outward ...

See the entire definition of Radiate back to top

Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

See the entire definition of Radiation

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

See the entire definition of Rash

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

See the entire definition of Recurrent

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Shingles: An acute infection caused by the herpes zoster virus, the same virus as causes c...

See the entire definition of Shingles

Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

See the entire definition of Sore

Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

See the entire definition of Stage

Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

See the entire definition of Steroid

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

See the entire definition of Surgeon

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

See the entire definition of Symptom

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

See the entire definition of Syringe

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

back to top

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

See the entire definition of Ultrasound

Unilateral: Having, or relating to, one side. For example, a unilateral rash is one that i...

See the entire definition of Unilateral

Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

See the entire definition of Viruses

Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

See the entire definition of Vitamin E

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary