Breast Reconstruction Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Breast Reconstruction article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

See the entire definition of Abdomen

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

See the entire definition of Anesthesia

Areola: 1. The small darkened area around the nipple of the breast. 2. The colored part of...

See the entire definition of Areola

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

See the entire definition of Artery

Aspiration: Removal of a sample of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also re...

See the entire definition of Aspiration

Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

See the entire definition of Belly

Belly button: The navel or umbilicus; the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord....

See the entire definition of Belly button

Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

See the entire definition of Blood clots

Breast augmentation: Artificial enlargement of the breasts. Breast augmentation may be don...

See the entire definition of Breast augmentation

Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

See the entire definition of Breast cancer

Breast reduction: Surgical reduction of breast size in order to reduce the weight of the b...

See the entire definition of Breast reduction

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Cancer care: Taking care of cancer. When cancer is suspected, a biopsy is usually performe...

See the entire definition of Cancer care

Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

See the entire definition of Chemotherapy back to top

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

See the entire definition of Chest

Clinical trial: A study that is intended to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of medic...

See the entire definition of Clinical trial

Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

See the entire definition of Complication

Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

See the entire definition of Connective tissue

Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with ab...

See the entire definition of Diabetes mellitus

Donor: The giver of a tissue or an organ, such as a blood donor or kidney donor.

Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

See the entire definition of Drain

Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

See the entire definition of Ear

Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

See the entire definition of Fascia

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

See the entire definition of Food and Drug Administration

Galen: Greek physician and philosopher (born about 129 AD, died about 210 AD) known among ...

See the entire definition of Galen

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

See the entire definition of Genetics

Gluteal: Pertaining to the buttocks region, which is formed by the gluteus maximus, gluteu...

See the entire definition of Gluteal back to top

Gynecology: The branch of medicine that is particularly concerned with the health of the f...

See the entire definition of Gynecology

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hernia: A general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of the cavit...

See the entire definition of Hernia

Horizontal: In anatomy, a plane passing through the standing body. A person lying on a bed...

See the entire definition of Horizontal

Implant: 1. To embed; to set in firmly. In embryology, the fertilized egg implants ...

See the entire definition of Implant

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

See the entire definition of Incidence

Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inferior: In anatomy, below or toward the feet. As opposed to superior. The liver is infer...

See the entire definition of Inferior

Irradiation: The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, and other...

See the entire definition of Irradiation

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Labia: Lips, the fleshy folds that surround the opening of the mouth (oral labia) or the v...

See the entire definition of Labia

Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

See the entire definition of Lateral

Liposuction: The surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the ...

See the entire definition of Liposuction

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs back to top

Mastectomy: A general term for removal of the breast, usually to remove cancerous tissue. ...

See the entire definition of Mastectomy

Microsurgery: Surgery through a microscope. Microsurgery is used to operate on very small ...

See the entire definition of Microsurgery

Microvascular: Pertaining to the microvasculature, the portion of the vasculature of the b...

See the entire definition of Microvascular

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

See the entire definition of Necrosis

Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Obstetrics: The art and science of managing pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium (the time...

See the entire definition of Obstetrics

Oncologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. After a ...

See the entire definition of Oncologist

Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

See the entire definition of Operation

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

See the entire definition of Outpatient

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Pigmentation: The coloring of the skin, hair, mucous membranes, and retina of the eye. Pig...

See the entire definition of Pigmentation

Plastic surgeon: A surgeon who specializes in reducing scarring or disfigurement that may ...

See the entire definition of Plastic surgeon

Plastic surgery: A surgical specialty that is dedicated to reconstruction of facial and bo...

See the entire definition of Plastic surgery back to top

Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

See the entire definition of Pneumonia

Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Prosthesis: An artificial replacement of a part of the body, such as a tooth, a facial bon...

See the entire definition of Prosthesis

Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

See the entire definition of Radiation

Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

See the entire definition of Radiation therapy

Rectus: Usually refers to the rectus abdominis, a large muscle in the front of the abdomen...

See the entire definition of Rectus

Rectus abdominis: A large muscle in the front of the abdomen that assists in regular breat...

See the entire definition of Rectus abdominis

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

See the entire definition of Recurrent

Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

See the entire definition of Referral

Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

See the entire definition of Rupture

Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

See the entire definition of Saline

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

See the entire definition of Sensation

Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

See the entire definition of Serum

Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

See the entire definition of Shoulder back to top

Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

See the entire definition of Steroid

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

See the entire definition of Stress

Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

See the entire definition of Stroke

Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

See the entire definition of Superficial

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

See the entire definition of Surgeon

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

See the entire definition of Syringe

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

See the entire definition of Thigh

Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

See the entire definition of Transfusion

Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

See the entire definition of Transplant

Transverse: In anatomy, a horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that the t...

See the entire definition of Transverse

Tummy: 1. "Babytalk" referring to the stomach. The word tummy is derived from stoma...

See the entire definition of Tummy

Umbilicus: The vestige left behind on a newborn's belly when the umbilical cord is cut. A...

See the entire definition of Umbilicus

Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

See the entire definition of Vagina back to top

Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

See the entire definition of Vascular

Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

See the entire definition of Vessel

Vulva: The female external genital organs, including the labia, clitoris, and entrance to ...

See the entire definition of Vulva back to top







Medical Dictionary