Font Size
A
A
A

Breastfeeding (cont.)

Authors and Editors

Authors: Allahyar Jazayeri, MD, PhD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tehran University Medical School, Director of Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellowship Program, Medical Director of Perinatal Services, Bellin Health Hospital Center, Women Specialty Care, Green Bay WI; Karen Burr, WHNP, MSN, Women Specialty Care, Green Bay, WI

Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor, eMedicineHealth.com

Previous contributing coauthor and editors:

Coauthor: Frank Genco, MD, Consulting Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, RHD Hospital

Editors: Jerry Balentine, DO, Professor of Emergency Medicine, New York College of Osteopathic Medicine; Medical Director, Saint Barnabas Hospital; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Lee P Shulman, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Head, Section of Reproductive Genetics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois

REFERENCES:

AAP. Work Group on Breastfeeding. "Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk." American Academy of Pediatrics. Work Group on Breastfeeding. Pediatrics 100.6 Dec. 1997: 1035-1039.

Akerblom, H.K., S.M. Virtanen, J. Llonen, E. Savilahti, O. Vaarala, A. Reunanen, et al. National TRIGR Study Groups. "Dietary Manipulation of Beta Cell Autoimmunity in Infants at Increased Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: A Pilot Study." Diabetologia 48.5 May 2005: 829-837. Epub 2005 Apr 19.

American Academy of Pediatrics. AAE. A Woman's Guide to Breastfeeding. A Woman's Guide to Breastfeeding.

American Academy of Pediatrics. Good Mojob, C. "Sunlight Deficiency: A Review of the Literature." Mothering 117 Mar.-Apr. 2003: 52-63.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. "ACOG Committee Opinion No. 361: Breastfeeding: Maternal and Infant Aspects." Obstetrics and Gynecology 109.2 Feb. 2007: 479-480.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Resource Center. In: Breastfeeding Your Baby (APO29). Washington, DC: ACOG; 20090-6920.

Anderson, J.W., B.M. Johnstone, and D.T. Remley. "Breast-feeding and Cognitive Development: A Meta-analysis." Am J Clin Nutr 70.4 Oct. 1999: 525-535.

Baker, J.L., M. Gamborg, B.L. Heitmann, L. Lissner, T.I. Sorensen, and K.M. Rasmussen. "Breastfeeding Reduces Postpartum Weight Retention." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 88.6 Dec. 2008: 1543-1551.

Barclay, A.R., R.K. Russell, M.L. Wilson, W.H. Gilmour, J. Satsangi, and D.C. Wilson. "Systematic Review: The Role of Breastfeeding in the Development of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease." Journal of Pediatrics 155.3 Sept. 2009: 421-426.

Eisenberg, A., H.E. Murkoff, and S.E. Hathaway. What to Expect When You're Expecting. 2nd ed. Workman Publishing Co., 1996.

Feachem, R.G., and M.A. Koblinsky. "Interventions for the Control of Diarrheal Diseases Among Young Children: Promotion of Breast-Feeding." Bull World Health Organ 62.2 (1984): 271-291.

Gillman, M.W., S.L. Rifas-Shiman, C.A. Camargo, et al. "Risk of Overweight Among Adolescents Who Were Breastfed as Infants." JAMA 285.19 May 16, 2001: 2461-2467.

Golding, J., P.M. Emmett, and I.S. Rogers. "Eczema, Asthma and Allergy." Early Hum Dev 49 Suppl. Oct. 29, 1997: S121-30.

Gotsch, G., and J. Torgus. The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding. La Leche League International. 6th ed. Plume, 1997.

Habicht, J.P., J. DaVanzo, and W.P. Butz. "Does Breastfeeding Really Save Lives, or Are Apparent Benefits Due to Biases?" Am J Epidemiol 123.2 Feb. 1986: 279-290.

Hediger, M.L., M.D. Overpeck, R.J. Kuczmarski, and W.J. Ruan. "Association Between Infant Breastfeeding and Overweight in Young Children." JAMA 285.19 May 16, 2001: 2453-2460.

Hide, D.W., and B.M. Guyer. "Clinical Manifestations of Allergy Related to Breast and Cows' Milk Feeding." Arch Dis Child 56.3 Mar. 1981: 172-175.

Hummel, S., M. Pfluger, S. Kreichauf, M. Hummel, and A.G. Ziegler. "Predictors of Overweight During Childhood in Offspring of Parents With Type 1 Diabetes." Diabetes Care 32.11 Nov. 2009: e140.

Jason, J.M., P. Nieburg, and J.S. Marks. "Mortality and Infectious Disease Associated With Infant-Feeding Practices in Developing Countries." Pediatrics 74.4.2 Oct. 1984: 702-727.

Kovar, M.G., M.K. Serdula, J.S. Marks, and D.W. Fraser. "Review of the Epidemiologic Evidence for an Association Between Infant Feeding and Infant Health." Pediatrics 74.4.2 Oct. 1984: 615-638.

Kramer, M.S., B. Chalmers, E.D. Hodnett , et al. "Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): A Randomized Trial in the Republic of Belarus." JAMA 285.4 Jan. 24-31 2001: 413-420.

McDowell, M.M., C.Y. Wang, and J. Kennedy-Stephenson. "Breastfeeding in the United States: Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1999-2006." NCHS Data Brief 5 Apr. 2008: 1-8.

O'Connor, N.R., K.O. Tanabe, M.S. Siadaty, and F.R. Hauck. "Pacifiers and Breastfeeding: A Systematic Review." Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine 163.4 Apr. 2009: 378-382.

Oddy, W.H., P.G. Holt, P.D. Sly, et al. "Association Between Breast Feeding and Asthma in 6 Year Old Children: Findings of a Prospective Birth Cohort Study." BMJ.

Ogbuanu, C.A., J. Probst, S.B. Laditka, J. Liu, J. Baek, and S. Glover. Women's Health Issues 19.4 July-Aug. 2009: 268-278.

Owen, C.G., P.H. Whincup, S.J. Kaye, R.M. Martin, G. Davey Smith, D.G. Cook, et al. "Does Initial Breastfeeding Lead to Lower Blood Cholesterol in Adult Life? A Quantitative Review of the Evidence." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 88.2 Aug. 2008: 305-314.

Parikh, N.I., S.J. Hwang, E. Ingelsson, E.J. Benjamin, C.S. Fox, R.S. Vasan, and J.M. Murabito. "Breastfeeding in Infancy and Adult Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors." American Journal of Medicine 122.7 July 2009: 656-663.

Raisler, J., C. Alexander, and P. O'Campo. "Breast-feeding and Infant Illness: A Dose-Response Relationship?" Am J Public Health 89.1 Jan. 1999: 25-30.

Saarinen, U.M., M. Kajosaari, A. Backman, and M.A. Siimes. "Prolonged Breast-Feeding as Prophylaxis for Atopic Disease." Lancet 2.8135 July 28, 1979: 163-166.

Schwarz, E.B., R.M. Ray, A.M. Stuebe, M.A. Allison, R.B. Ness, and M.S. Freiberg. "Duration of Lactation and Risk Factors for Maternal Cardiovascular Disease." Obstetrics & Gynecology 113.5 May 2009: 974-982.

Sears, W., and M. Sears. The Baby Book: Everything You Need to Know About Your Baby from Birth to Age Two. Little Brown & Co., 1993.

Shah, P.S., L. Aliwalas, and V. Shah. "Breastfeeding or Breastmilk to Alleviate Procedural Pain in Neonates: A Systematic Review." Breastfeeding Medicine 2.2 June 2007: 74-82.

Stuebe, A.M., W.C. Willett, F. Xue, and K.B. Michels. "Lactation and Incidence of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: A Longitudinal Study." Archives Internal Medicine 169.15 Aug. 10, 2009:1364-71.

Tiewsoh, K., R. Lodha, R.M. Pandey, S. Broor, M. Kalaivani, and S.K. Kabra. "Factors Determining the Outcome of Children Hospitalized With Severe Pneumonia." BMC Pediatr. 9 Feb. 23, 2009: 15.

Tulldahl, J., K. Pettersson, S.W. Andersson, and L. Hulthén. "Mode of Infant Feeding and Achieved Growth in Adolescence: Early Feeding Patterns in Relation to Growth and Body Composition in Adolescence." Obes Res 7.5 Sept. 1999: 431-437.

Victora, C.G., P.G. Smith, J.P. Vaughan, et al. "Evidence for Protection by Breast-Feeding Against Infant Deaths From Infectious Diseases in Brazil." Lancet 2.8554 Aug. 8, 1987: 319-322.

von Kries, R., B. Koletzko, T. Sauerwald, et al. "Breast Feeding and Obesity: Cross Sectional Study." BMJ 319.7203 July 17, 1999: 147-150.


Last Editorial Review: 9/24/2010

Medical Author:

Must Read Articles Related to Breastfeeding

Amenorrhea
Amenorrhea Amenorrhea, the absence of menstrual bleeding, can be either primary or secondary. Causes of amenorrhea include problems with the hypothalamic, pituitary, ovari...learn more >>
Breast Infection
Breast Infection Mastitis is an infection of the tissue of the breast that occurs most frequently during the time of breastfeeding. This infection causes pain, swelling, redness...learn more >>
Breast Lumps and Pain
Breast Lumps and Pain Breast changes are common. From the time a girl begins to develop breasts and begins menstruating and throughout life, women may experience various kinds of bre...learn more >>




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Counseling the Breastfeeding Mother »

In the time before managed care and "drive-through" deliveries, the vast majority of newborns remained in the hospital for several days after birth.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Parenting Know-How: We've hand-picked our best pregnancy, baby and parenting content just for you

Medical Dictionary