Broken Arm Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Arm article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Compound fracture: A fracture in which a bone is sticking through the skin. Also known as ...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Humerus: The long bone in the upper arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Laceration: A cut.

Limb: An arm or a leg.

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Orthopedist: An orthopedic surgeon, a physician who corrects congenital or functional abno...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radius: The smaller of the two bones of the forearm, located on the thumb's side. (The lar...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ulna: The larger of the two long bones within the forearm. (The smaller one is the radius....

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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