Broken Collarbone Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Collarbone article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Clavicle: The bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the...

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Collarbone: A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shou...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Crepitus: A clinical sign in medicine that is characterized by a peculiar crackling, crink...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dystocia: Difficult or abnormal labor or delivery.

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. T...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Open fracture: A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called a co...

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Orthopedist: An orthopedic surgeon, a physician who corrects congenital or functional abno...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Shoulder dystocia: The baby's shoulder becomes wedged behind the mother's pubis, sometimes...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary