Broken Elbow Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Elbow article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arteriogram: An X-ray in which an injection of dye shows blood vessels.

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Compress: Cloth or another material applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Elbow joint: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. ...

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Elbow pain: Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Flexion: The process of bending, or the state of being bent. For example, flexion of the f...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Humerus: The long bone in the upper arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Median: The middle, as in the median strip in a highway. For example, the median nerve is ...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palm: The grasping side of the hand; the flexor surface of the hand. In contrast to the ba...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radial: A word with diverse meanings in medicine and the biomedical sciences:

  1. Pe...

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Radius: The smaller of the two bones of the forearm, located on the thumb's side. (The lar...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Seat belt: A belt used to hold an individual in their seat.

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ulna: The larger of the two long bones within the forearm. (The smaller one is the radius....

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Ulnar: Pertaining to the ulna, the larger bone in the forearm.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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