Broken Foot Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Foot article.

Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Avulsion: Tearing away. A nerve can be avulsed by an injury, as can part of a bone.

Bone scan: A nuclear medicine technique for creating images of bones on a computer screen ...

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Broken foot: Disruption of one or more of the 26 bones in the foot. Foot fractures account...

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Calcaneus: The heel bone, a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot. Also kn...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Crutch: A wooden or metal vertical prop that helps support a disabled person while he or s...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heel bone: Formally called the calcaneus. A more or less rectangular bone at the back o...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lisfranc fracture: A dislocation of the midfoot most commonly caused by stepping into a ho...

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Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes.

Metatarsals: Five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the tarsus) to the toes. The ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Orthopedist: An orthopedic surgeon, a physician who corrects congenital or functional abno...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Phalangeal: Pertaining to a phalanx (a bone in the finger or toe).

Phalanges: The bones of the fingers and of the toes. There are generally three phalanges (...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proxim...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Sprained ankle: See: Ankle sprain.

Stirrup: The stapes, one of the three bones in the middle ear. See: Stapes.

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stress fracture: A fracture caused by repetitive stress, as may occur in sports, strenuous...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Talus: The ankle bone, or the ankle itself. The ankle joint is formed by the talus and the...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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