Broken Jaw Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Jaw article.

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Alveolus: A tiny air sac in the lungs. Plural alveoli.

Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chin: Medically, the mentum. The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including t...

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Compound fracture: A fracture in which a bone is sticking through the skin. Also known as ...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Jawbone: 1. As a noun, a bone of the jaw, particularly the mandible.
2....

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mandible: The bone of the lower jaw. The joint where the mandible meets the upper jaw at t...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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On call: In medicine, the person who is ready to respond, the one on duty. As in "Who is t...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Oral surgeon: A dentist who has special training in surgery to correct problems of the mou...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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TMJ: Temporomandibular joint.

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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