Broken Leg Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Leg article.

Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Ankle joint: A joint that is composed of three bones: the tibia, the fibula, and the talus...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Compartment syndrome: A condition in which there is swelling and an increase in pressure w...

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Compound fracture: A fracture in which a bone is sticking through the skin. Also known as ...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fibula: The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg. The end of the fibula forms the bon...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Gait: A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic clues for a nu...

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Hip fracture: Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due ...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Knee joint: The knee joint has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the large sh...

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Kneecap: The patella, the small bone in the front of the knee. The patella is a little (se...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Open fracture: A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called a co...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Orthopedist: An orthopedic surgeon, a physician who corrects congenital or functional abno...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Patella: The kneecap by another name, the patella is the small bone that is in the front ...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Seat belt: A belt used to hold an individual in their seat.

Shinbone: The larger of the two bones in the lower leg (the smaller one being the fibula)....

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stress fracture: A fracture caused by repetitive stress, as may occur in sports, strenuous...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Thigh bone: The thigh bone in anatomy is called the "femur." Whichever term you care to us...

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Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary