Bronchial Adenoma Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bronchial Adenoma article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adenoma: A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue. If an adenoma become...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchi: The plural of bronchus.

Bronchiectasis: Permanent abnormal widening of the bronchi (air tubes that branch deep int...

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Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Bronchoscope: A thin, flexible instrument with a lighted viewing tube that is used to visu...

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Bronchoscopy: A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Coughing up blood: see hemoptysis.

CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath. Dyspnea is a sign of serious...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Lobe: Part of an organ that appears to be separate in some way from the rest. A lobe may b...

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Lung cancer: Cancer of the major organ of respiration - the lung. Lung cancer is one of th...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Neuroendocrine: Having to do with neuroendocrinology: the interactions between the ...

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Nodule: A small collection of tissue that is palpable (can be felt) at any level of the sk...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Oncology: The field of medicine that is devoted to cancer. Clinical oncology consists of t...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Periphery: 1. The outside or surface of a structure; the portion outside the centr...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sedative: A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Sedatives ge...

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Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Thoracic: Pertaining to the chest. For example, the thoracic aorta is the part of the aort...

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Thoracotomy: An operation to open the chest, usually in order to gain access to the lungs ...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ulceration: The process or fact of being eroded away, as by an ulcer.

Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conne...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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