Bronchitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bronchitis article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal muscles: A large group of muscles in the front of the abdomen that assists in th...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute bronchitis: inflammation of the breathing tubes within the lungs (bronchial tubes or...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Airway obstruction: Partial or complete blockage of the breathing passages to the lungs. C...

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Allergen: A substance that can cause an allergic reaction. Common allergens include ragwee...

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Allergic rhinitis: Medical term for hay fever, an allergic reaction that mimics a chronic ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Asthmatic: 1. Pertaining to asthma as, for example, asthmatic bronchitis.
...

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Atopy: The genetic tendency to develop the classic allergic diseases -- atopic dermatitis,...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchi: The plural of bronchus.

Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles, usually due to viral infections.

Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the lining of the airways, leading to nar...

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cough suppressant: A drug used to control coughing, particularly with a dry, nagging, unpr...

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Coughing up blood: see hemoptysis.

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath. Dyspnea is a sign of serious...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Emphysema: 1) A lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air in the lung's ma...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Ginger: Ginger, the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, has been used as medicine in...

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Hay fever: A seasonal allergy to airborne particles characterized by itchy eyes, runny nos...

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Humidifier: A machine that puts moisture into the air. Humidified air makes it easier to b...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Influenza: The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract which are divide...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Mycoplasma: A large group of bacteria, with more than 100 types identified. Mycoplasma are...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Rad: Radiation absorbed dose, a measurement for a dose of ionizing radiation.

Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rhinitis: Irritation of the nose.

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Secondhand smoke: Smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette or that is exhaled ...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Upper respiratory infection: An infection of the upper part of the respiratory system whic...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Walking pneumonia: A lay term used to refer to atypical pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infect...

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Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conn...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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