Bronchoscopy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bronchoscopy article.

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthesiologist: A physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Asthmatic: 1. Pertaining to asthma as, for example, asthmatic bronchitis.
...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchoscope: A thin, flexible instrument with a lighted viewing tube that is used to visu...

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Bronchoscopy: A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Collapsed lung: Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically cal...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Emphysema: 1) A lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air in the lung's ma...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Fluoroscopy: An x-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion.

Forceps: An instrument that has two blades and a handle and is used for handling, grasping...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Local therapy: In the context of cancer, treatment that affects cells in the tumor and the...

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Lung cancer: Cancer of the major organ of respiration - the lung. Lung cancer kills more m...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Optic: Having to do with vision.

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pleura: One of the two membranes around the lungs. These two membranes are called the visc...

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Pleurisy: Inflammation of the pleurae, the membranes surrounding the lungs. Symptoms inclu...

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Pneumothorax: Free air in the chest outside the lung. Pneumothorax can occur spontaneously...

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Propofol: a prescription sedative-hypnotic drug (brand name Diprivan) that is administere...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Respiratory rate: The number of breaths per minute or, more formally, the number of moveme...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sedative: A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Sedatives ge...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Suture: 1. A type of joint between the bones of the skull where the bones are held ...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary