Bruises Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bruises article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Actinic: Referring to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight and UV lamps. Sunburn is an ...

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Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Anticoagulant: An agent that is used to prevent the formation of blood clots. Anticoagulan...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aplastic anemia: Anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce red and white blood c...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Ascorbic acid: Vitamin C, an essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Black eye: Bruising of the eyelid and/or the area around the eye as a result of trauma to ...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Compress: Cloth or another material applied under pressure to an area of the skin and held...

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Concussion: A traumatic injury to soft tissue, usually the brain, as a result of a violent...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Contusion: Another name for a bruise. What is a bruise ? A bruise, or contusion, is caused...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A heritable disorder of connective tissue that is characterized by...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

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Epsom salt: Magnesium sulfate. Known as Epsom salt because it was originally extracted fro...

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Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail cons...

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Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Hemophilia: An inherited disorder in which the ability of blood to clot normally is impair...

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Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Homeopathic: Pertaining to homeopathy.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells. Strictly speaking, leukemia should refer only to canc...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Purpura: Hemorrhage (bleeding) into the surface of the skin. The area of skin with purpura...

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Random: Determined solely by chance.

Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease....

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Scrape: An abrasion or cut caused by something rubbing roughly against the skin. To treat ...

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Scurvy: A disorder that is caused by lack of vitamin C. Symptoms include anemia; soft, ble...

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Senile: 1. Pertaining to old age. 2. Pertaining to the physical decline ass...

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Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
2. T...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process....

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Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Toenail: A toenail is produced by living skin cells in the toe. A toenail consists of seve...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

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Vitamin C: An essential nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The body requires ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary