If left untreated, bulimia can have a significantly negative impact on the sufferer's life. For example, bulimia increases the likelihood of infertility, the pregnancy-associated dangers of postpartum depression, and the need for C-section deliveries.
Experts suggest that the earlier bulimia is recognized and treated, the better
the chances for recovery. Factors such as long duration of symptoms, older age
at start of treatment, severe weight loss, or clinical depression are associated
with a poorer prognosis. The rate of relapse with all eating disorders is fairly
high and is usually triggered by social stress. Bulimia can have a mortality
rate as high as nearly 4%.
For More Information on Bulimia
Academy for Eating Disorders
American Psychological Association
National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders
National Eating Disorders Association
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH, HHS
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.
American Psychiatric Association. Treatment of patients with eating disorders, third edition. Practice Guidelines, the American Psychiatric Association 2006, May.
Austin, S.B., J. Kim, J. Wiecha, et al. "School-based overweight preventive intervention lowers incidence of disordered weight-control behaviors in early adolescent girls." Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine 161.9 (2007): 865-869.
Cohen, S.B. "Media exposure and the subsequent effects on body dissatisfaction, disordered eating and drive for thinness: A review of the current research." Mind Matters: The Wesleyan Journal of Psychology 1 (2006): 57-71.
Crow, S.J., C.B. Peterson, S.A. Swanson, et al. "Increased mortality in bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders." American Journal of Psychiatry 166 Dec. 2009: 1342-1346.
Easter, A., J. Treasure, and N. Micali. "Fertility and prenatal attitudes towards pregnancy in women with eating disorders: results from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children." British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2011.
Franko, D.L., M.A. Blais, A.E. Becker, et al. "Pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes in women With eating disorders." American Journal of Psychiatry 158 (2001): 1461-1466.
Guez, J., R. Lev-Wiesel, S. Valetsky, et al. "Self-figure drawings in women with anorexia; bulimia; overweight; and normal weight: A possible tool for assessment." The Arts in Psychotherapy 37.5 (2010): 400.
Holm-Denoma, J.M., and B.L. Hankin. "Perceived physical appearance mediates the rumination and bulimic symptom link in adolescent girls." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 39.4 Jan. 2010: 537-544.
Kinzl, J.F., and W. Biebl. "Are eating disorders addictions?" Neuropsychiatry 24.3 (2010): 200-208.
Pritts, S.D., and J. Susman. "Diagnosis of Eating Disorders in Primary Care." American Family Physician 67.2 Jan. 2003: 297-304.
Richards, P.S., M.E. Berrett, R.K. Hardman, and D.L. Eggett. "Comparative efficacy of spirituality, cognitive and emotional support groups for treating eating disorder inpatients." Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention 14.5 (2006).
Yager, J., M.J. Devlin, K.A. Halmi, et al. Guideline Watch (August 2012): Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Eating Disorders, 3rd Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2012.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/17/2014
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