Bunions Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bunions article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bunion: A localized, painful swelling at the base of the big toe due to new bone formation...

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Bursitis: Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac that fu...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Foot pain: Foot pain is the sensation of discomfort in the foot arising from disorders or ...

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Gait: A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic clues for a nu...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Hallux: The big toe.

Heredity: The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to child.

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Laser surgery: A type of surgery that uses the cutting power of a laser beam to make blood...

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Metatarsophalangeal: Referring to both the metatarsus and the phalanges of the toes.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neuromuscular: Pertaining to both nerves and muscles, as in neuromuscular blockade by an a...

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NSAID: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, a medication that is commonly prescribed or pu...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Valgus: (valga, valgum) Angled outward, bent or twisted outward, as in cubitus valgus, cox...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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