Alternative and Complementary Approaches to Migraine and Cluster Headaches Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Alternative and Complementary Approaches to Migraine and Cluster Headaches article.

Acupressure: The application of pressure on specific points on the body to control symptom...

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Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Acupuncturist: A person skilled in the practice of acupuncture, who may or may not be cred...

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Alternative medicine: Healing arts not taught in traditional Western medical schools that ...

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Aura: A sensation perceived by a patient that precedes a condition affecting the brain. An...

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Bodywork: Any of a number of therapeutic or simply relaxing practices that involve the man...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Chinese medicine: See: Traditional Chinese medicine.

Chiropractic: A system of diagnosis and treatment based on the concept that the nervous sy...

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Chiropractor: A chiropractic practitioner. Becoming a doctor of chiropractic (DC) requires...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic pain: Pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over ...

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Cluster: In epidemiology, an aggregation of cases of a disease or another health-related c...

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Cluster headache: A distinctive episodic syndrome of headaches. The most common cluster he...

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Complementary medicine: A group of diagnostic and therapeutic disciplines that are used to...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Consultant: An individual to whom one refers for expert advice or services. The use of con...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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First do no harm: Slogan used in medicine often in the Latin wording "primum non nocere,"...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hippocrates: (c.460-377BC) Great Greek physician on the Mediterranean island of Cos, who f...

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Homeopathic: Pertaining to homeopathy.

Homeopathy: Founded in the 19th century, a practice that is based on the concept that dise...

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Meditation: A typically self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind....

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Migraine: Usually, periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These ...

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Migraine headache: The most common type of vascular headache involving abnormal sensitivit...

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Migraineur: A person who has migraine headache. Borrowed from the French.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Neurology: The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders o...

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Neuromuscular: Pertaining to both nerves and muscles, as in neuromuscular blockade by an a...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Osteopathy: A system of therapy founded in the 19th century that is based on the concept t...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parkinson's disease: A slowly progressive neurologic disease that is characterized by a fi...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Photophobia: Painful oversensitivity to light. For example, photophobia is often seen in m...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
2. T...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Subluxation: Partial dislocation of a joint. A complete dislocation is a luxation.

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapeutics: In medicine, the branch that deals specifically with the treatment of diseas...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Traditional Chinese medicine: The current name for an ancient system of health care from C...

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Tunnel vision: Loss of peripheral vision with retention of central vision, resulting in a ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Venom: A poison, particularly one secreted by an animal. Examples are bee venom, snake ven...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Medical Dictionary