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Cancer of the Esophagus (cont.)

Esophageal Cancer Prognosis

When the esophageal cancer has spread to organs beyond the esophagus, long-term survival is uncommon.

The chance of recovery improves when doctors detect the cancer at an early stage. But in most cases, long-term survival remains below 30%.

  • Once cancer invades the muscle layer of the esophagus, most people already have developed widespread cancer.


  • For these people, cancers invariably come back following surgical removal. Few people survive long term.

    • Following completion of therapy, whether with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of these, the patient needs regular follow-up endoscopic examinations as well as repeat CT scans of the chest and abdomen.


    • Often, people who undergo surgery of their esophagus develop significant narrowing at the site of the surgery. They require frequent esophageal dilatations or insertion of stents.

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Esophageal Cancer »

Esophageal carcinoma was well described at the beginning of the 19th century, and the first successful resection was performed in 1913 by Frank Torek.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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