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Cancer of the Esophagus (cont.)

Esophageal Cancer Prevention

  • Reducing use of tobacco and alcohol can reduce the frequency of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Today it is recognized that HPV infection increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus three-fold. HPV vaccination programs for young men and women can be expected to reduce the risk of this disease over time.
  • Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus is a frequent complication in Barrett's esophagus, which may be found in some people with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
    • People with frequent symptoms of reflux (heartburn or regurgitation) should undergo screening with endoscopy.
    • People with Barrett's esophagus should have regular endoscopic tests to detect precancerous changes of the esophageal lining.
    • They also require tight control of the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux, which may include dietary and lifestyle changes as well as medications and possible surgery, to prevent progression of Barrett;s esophagus.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/28/2014
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Esophageal carcinoma was well described at the beginning of the 19th century, and the first successful resection was performed in 1913 by Frank Torek.

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