Cancer of the Small Intestine Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cancer of the Small Intestine article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

See the entire definition of Abdomen

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal pain

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

See the entire definition of Absorb

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

See the entire definition of Absorption

Adenocarcinoma: A cancer that develops in the lining or inner surface of an organ and usua...

See the entire definition of Adenocarcinoma

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

See the entire definition of Adjacent

Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

See the entire definition of Alcohol abuse

Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

See the entire definition of Anemia

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

See the entire definition of Barium

Bile: Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder an...

See the entire definition of Bile

Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Bypass: An operation in which a new pathway is created for the transport of substances in ...

See the entire definition of Bypass back to top

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Carcinoid tumor: A tumor which secretes large amounts of the hormone serotonin. Carcinoid ...

See the entire definition of Carcinoid tumor

Celiac disease: A disorder resulting from an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in...

See the entire definition of Celiac disease

Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

See the entire definition of Chemotherapy

Clinical trial: A study that is intended to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of medic...

See the entire definition of Clinical trial

Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

See the entire definition of Colon

Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

See the entire definition of Colonoscopy

Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

See the entire definition of Contrast

CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

See the entire definition of CT scan

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

See the entire definition of Diarrhea

Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

See the entire definition of Endoscopy

Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

See the entire definition of Enzyme

Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

See the entire definition of Familial

Familial polyposis: An inherited condition in which several hundred polyps develop in the ...

See the entire definition of Familial polyposis back to top

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

See the entire definition of Family history

FAP: Familial adenomatous polyposis.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fistula: An abnormal passageway in the body. The fistula may go from the body surface int...

See the entire definition of Fistula

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

See the entire definition of Food and Drug Administration

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

See the entire definition of Gastrointestinal

GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract.

Gluten: A protein found in wheat or related grains and many foods that we eat. Gluten can ...

See the entire definition of Gluten

Ileum: Part of the small intestine beyond the jejunum and before the large intestine (colo...

See the entire definition of Ileum

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

See the entire definition of Intestine

Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

See the entire definition of Iron back to top

Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

See the entire definition of Jaundice

Large bowel: Another name for the large intestine.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

See the entire definition of Lymph

Lymphoid: Referring to lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, or to tissue in which lymp...

See the entire definition of Lymphoid

Lymphoid tissue: The part of the body's immune system that is important for the immune res...

See the entire definition of Lymphoid tissue

Lymphoma: A tumor of the lymphoid tissue. The major types of lymphoma are Hodgkin's diseas...

See the entire definition of Lymphoma

Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

See the entire definition of Malignant

Metastasize: The spread from one part of the body to another. When cancer cells metastasiz...

See the entire definition of Metastasize

Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

See the entire definition of Obstruction

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

See the entire definition of Organ

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain back to top

Placebo: A "sugar pill" or any dummy medication or treatment.

Polyp: A mass of tissue that develops on the inside wall of a hollow organ, such as the co...

See the entire definition of Polyp

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

See the entire definition of Radiation

Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

See the entire definition of Radiation therapy

Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

See the entire definition of Rectum

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Sarcoma: One of a group of tumors usually arising from connective tissue. Most sarcomas ar...

See the entire definition of Sarcoma

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

See the entire definition of Scan

Small bowel: Another name for the small intestine.

Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

See the entire definition of Small intestine

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

See the entire definition of Symptom

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

back to top

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

See the entire definition of Ultrasound

Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

See the entire definition of Weight loss back to top







Medical Dictionary