Cancer: What You Need to Know Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cancer: What You Need to Know article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells that characteristically comes on suddenly and, i...

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American Medical Association: The AMA. The AMA's mission statement proclaims:

Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Curable: Amenable to a cure, capable of being cured, to being healed and made well. From ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells. Strictly speaking, leukemia should refer only to canc...

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Mammogram: An X-ray of the breast that is taken with a device that compresses and flattens...

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Mastectomy: A general term for removal of the breast, usually to remove cancerous tissue. ...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Oncologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. After a ...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Resectable: Able to be removed (resected) by surgery.

Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Testicular cancer: A malignant tumor of the male sex organ (testicle) that normally produc...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Watchful waiting: Closely monitoring a patient's condition but withholding therapy until t...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary