Font Size
A
A
A
1
...

Candidiasis
(Yeast Infection)

Candidiasis Yeast Infection Overview

A yeast infection results from an overgrowth of yeast (a type of fungus) anywhere in the body. Candidiasis is by far the most common type of yeast infection. There are more than 20 species of Candida, the most common being Candida albicans. These fungi live on all surfaces of our bodies. Under certain conditions, they can become so numerous they cause infections, particularly in warm and moist areas. Examples of such infections are vaginal yeast infections, thrush (infection of tissues of the oral cavity), skin and diaper rash, and nailbed infections.

  • Candidal infections commonly occur in warm moist body areas, such as underarms. Usually your skin effectively blocks yeast, but any breakdown or cuts in the skin may allow this organism to penetrate.
  • Typical affected areas in babies include the mouth and diaper areas.
  • Vaginal yeast infection, which is the most common form of vaginitis is often referred to as vaginal Candidiasis.
  • In adults, oral yeast infections become more common with increased age. Adults also can have yeast infections around dentures, in skin folds under the breast and lower abdomen, nailbeds, and beneath other skin folds. Most of these candidal infections are superficial and clear up easily with treatment. Infections of the nailbeds often require prolonged therapy.
  • Rarely, the yeast infection may spread throughout the body. In systemic candidal disease (in which the fungus enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body), up to 45% of people may die. Even common mouth and vaginal yeast infections can cause critical illness and can be more resistant to normal treatment.
  • Yeast infections that return may be a sign of more serious diseases such as diabetes, leukemia, or AIDS.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/25/2013

Must Read Articles Related to Candidiasis (Yeast Infection)

Diaper Rash
Diaper Rash Diaper rash appears on the skin under a diaper. Symptoms and signs include red, irritated skin on the baby's bottom or genital area. Treatment involves frequent...learn more >>
Thrush
Oral Thrush Oral thrush is an infection of the tongue, inner cheek, lip, or gums. Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of the yeast Candida albicans. Symptoms and signs...learn more >>
Pap Smear
Pap Smear A Pap smear test can detect certain viral infections that are known to cause cervical cancer. There are few risks during a Pap smear procedure. Pap smear is rec...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Candidiasis (Yeast Infection, Candida):

Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) - Causes

What caused your yeast infection?

Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) - Home Remedies

What home remedies have been effective for your yeast infection?

Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) - Treatment

How did you treat your yeast infection?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Candidiasis »

Candidiasis is caused by infection with species of the genus Candida, predominantly with Candida albicans.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary