Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
A yeast infection results from an overgrowth of yeast (a type of fungus) anywhere in the body. Candidiasis is by far the most common type of yeast infection. There are more than 20 species of
Candida, the most common being Candida albicans. These fungi live on all surfaces of our bodies. Under certain conditions, they can become so numerous they cause infections, particularly in warm and moist areas. Examples of such infections are
vaginal yeast infections,
thrush (infection of tissues of the oral cavity), skin and diaper rash, and nailbed infections.
Candidal infections commonly occur in warm moist body
areas, such as underarms. Usually your skin effectively blocks yeast, but any
breakdown or cuts in the skin may allow this organism to penetrate.
Typical affected areas in babies include the mouth
and diaper areas.
In adults, oral yeast infections become more common
with increased age. Adults also can have yeast infections around dentures,
in skin folds under the breast and lower abdomen, nailbeds, and beneath other skin folds.
Most of these candidal infections are superficial and clear up easily with treatment.
Infections of the nailbeds often require prolonged therapy.
Rarely, the yeast infection may spread throughout the body. In systemic candidal disease
(in which the fungus enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body), up to
45% of people may die. Even common mouth and vaginal yeast infections can cause critical illness and can be more resistant to normal treatment.
Yeast infections that return may be a sign of more serious diseases such as
diabetes, leukemia, or