Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
For healthy children and adults, if a medication is tried and fails, or symptoms
become worse, consult your health care practitioner. All people with weakened immune systems should contact their
health care practitioners with any new symptoms or infections.
If you are having abnormal vaginal discharge and are not sure whether you
have a yeast infection, consult your health care professional.
If yeast infections recur, see your doctor for a
more thorough work-up. Candidiasis that recurs may be a symptom of a hidden disease such as diabetes, leukemia, or AIDS.
Other symptoms such as bloody discharge, abdominal pain,
fever, and increased urination also can indicate more serious problems, and you should seek medical help.
Oral thrush needs a prescription medication and a prompt visit to the doctor. If children take no fluids for longer than 12 hours, contact your doctor. Any
fever or prolonged problems with feeding also warrant a visit to a doctor.
Diaper rash or other candidal infections on the skin can be treated with over-the-counter nystatin powders (Mycostatin, Nilstat, Nystat-Rx, Nystex, O-V Staticin) or antifungal creams and lotions.
If the rash worsens at any time, or if the lesions do not clear in 1-2 weeks, call your doctor.
Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, or the rash spreading to other parts of your body may be a sign of a more serious illness.
People with weakened immune systems must take all forms of candidiasis seriously and treat them aggressively. The infection may indicate that your immune system is functioning poorly. Your doctor should evaluate any symptoms of candidal infections.
If you already are being treated for a candidal infection and the symptoms worsen or do not improve, notify your doctor.
Fevers, chills, vomiting, general illness, or worsening rash needs to be investigated promptly.
When to go to the hospital
Most cases of candidiasis do not have to be treated in the hospital. People with weakened immune systems may have more serious infections, however, and may need to be hospitalized.
Women should go to the hospital when fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, or abdominal pain accompanies vaginal discharge. These symptoms can indicate a more serious problem such as kidney infections, appendicitis, or pelvic inflammatory disease. These potential conditions need to be investigated promptly.
If thrush interferes with drinking liquids or eating for long periods of time, people may need to be hospitalized for more aggressive medications and reestablishing body fluids.
People with weak immune systems run the risk of the candidal organisms
spreading to their blood or internal organs, which can cause life-threatening illness. IV medication may be necessary to combat this systemic illness. Your doctor should promptly investigate symptoms of illness or general malaise.