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Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) (cont.)

When to Seek Medical Care

When to call the doctor

For healthy children and adults, if a medication is tried and fails, or symptoms become worse, consult your health care practitioner. All people with weakened immune systems should contact their health care practitioners with any new symptoms or infections.

  • Various conditions can cause nonmenstrual vaginal discharge in women, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis.
    • If you are having abnormal vaginal discharge and are not sure whether you have a yeast infection, consult your health care professional.
    • If yeast infections recur, see your doctor for a more thorough work-up. Candidiasis that recurs may be a symptom of a hidden disease such as diabetes, leukemia, or AIDS.
    • Other symptoms such as bloody discharge, abdominal pain, fever, and increased urination also can indicate more serious problems, and you should seek medical help.
  • Oral thrush needs a prescription medication and a prompt visit to the doctor. If children take no fluids for longer than 12 hours, contact your doctor. Any fever or prolonged problems with feeding also warrant a visit to a doctor.
  • Diaper rash or other candidal infections on the skin can be treated with over-the-counter nystatin powders (Mycostatin, Nilstat, Nystat-Rx, Nystex, O-V Staticin) or antifungal creams and lotions.
    • If the rash worsens at any time, or if the lesions do not clear in 1-2 weeks, call your doctor.
    • Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, or the rash spreading to other parts of your body may be a sign of a more serious illness.
  • People with weakened immune systems must take all forms of candidiasis seriously and treat them aggressively. The infection may indicate that your immune system is functioning poorly. Your doctor should evaluate any symptoms of candidal infections.
    • If you already are being treated for a candidal infection and the symptoms worsen or do not improve, notify your doctor.
    • Fevers, chills, vomiting, general illness, or worsening rash needs to be investigated promptly.

When to go to the hospital

Most cases of candidiasis do not have to be treated in the hospital. People with weakened immune systems may have more serious infections, however, and may need to be hospitalized.

  • Women should go to the hospital when fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, or abdominal pain accompanies vaginal discharge. These symptoms can indicate a more serious problem such as kidney infections, appendicitis, or pelvic inflammatory disease. These potential conditions need to be investigated promptly.
  • If thrush interferes with drinking liquids or eating for long periods of time, people may need to be hospitalized for more aggressive medications and reestablishing body fluids.
  • Candidal skin infections rarely require hospital treatment.
  • People with weak immune systems run the risk of the candidal organisms spreading to their blood or internal organs, which can cause life-threatening illness. IV medication may be necessary to combat this systemic illness. Your doctor should promptly investigate symptoms of illness or general malaise.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/25/2013

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Candidiasis »

Candidiasis is caused by infection with species of the genus Candida, predominantly with Candida albicans.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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