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Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) (cont.)

Candidiasis Yeast Infection Medical Treatment

A wide array of treatment options is available to treat candidiasis. Options include creams, lotions, pills, troches (lozenges), and vaginal suppositories. Talk to your doctor to find the option that is right for you.

  • Azole medications are a family of antifungal drugs that end in the suffix "-azole." They block the manufacture of ergosterol, a crucial material of the yeast cell wall. Without ergosterol, the yeast cell wall becomes leaky and the yeast die. Fortunately, ergosterol is not a component of human membranes, and azoles do not harm human cells. Examples include miconazole, tioconazole, clotrimazole, fluconazole, and butoconazole.
  • Polyene antifungals include nystatin and amphotericin B. Nystatin is used for thrush and superficial candida infections. Doctors reserve amphotericin B for more serious systemic fungal infections. The antifungals work by attaching to the yeast cell wall building material, ergosterol. These medications then form artificial holes in the yeast-wall that causes the yeast to leak and die.

Candidiasis Yeast Infection Outlook

With proper treatment, most candida infections resolve without further problems. Vaginal yeast infections, thrush, and diaper rash usually clear in 1-2 weeks. In people with weakened immune systems, these infections can recur and become difficult to treat.

Candidiasis Yeast Infection Pictures

A moist patch of the skin surrounding the anus. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO)
A moist patch of the skin surrounding the anus. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO) Click to view larger image.

Condition caused by candidiasis developed within hours of birth on the hand of an otherwise healthy newborn. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO)
Condition caused by candidiasis developed within hours of birth on the hand of an otherwise healthy newborn. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO) Click to view larger image.

Dry, red scaly patches of candidiasis on the penis (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO)
Dry, red scaly patches of candidiasis on the penis (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO) Click to view larger image.

White plaques representing thrush are present inside the cheek and under the tongue. When wiped off, the plaques leave red erosive areas (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO).
White plaques representing thrush are present inside the cheek and under the tongue. When wiped off, the plaques leave red erosive areas (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO). Click to view larger image.

Rash of candidiasis in the armpit (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO).
Rash of candidiasis in the armpit (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO). Click to view larger image.

 Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD).
Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD). Click to view larger image.

A fingernail with candidal infection becomes red, swollen, and tender with an occasional discharge. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO).
A fingernail with candidal infection becomes red, swollen, and tender with an occasional discharge. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO). Click to view larger image.

Soreness and cracks at the sides of the mouth is a frequent expression of candidal infection in the elderly. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO).
Soreness and cracks at the sides of the mouth is a frequent expression of candidal infection in the elderly. (Images courtesy of Matthew C. Lambiase, DO). Click to view larger image.

Medically reviewed by Avrom Simon, MD; Board Certified Preventative Medicine with Subspecialty in Occupational Medicine

REFERENCE:

MedscapeReference.com. Candidiasis.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/29/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Candidiasis »

Candidiasis is caused by infection with species of the genus Candida, predominantly with Candida albicans.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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