Carcinoid Lung Tumor Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Carcinoid Lung Tumor article.

Ablation: Removal or excision. Ablation is usually carried out surgically. For example, su...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Asbestos: A natural material made up of tiny fibers that is used as thermal insulation. In...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biochemical: Relating to biochemistry, the application of the tools and concepts of chemis...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchopulmonary: Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and t...

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Bronchoscope: A thin, flexible instrument with a lighted viewing tube that is used to visu...

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Bronchoscopy: A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoid syndrome: A syndrome due to carcinoid tumor which secretes large amounts of the ...

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Carcinoid tumor: A tumor which secretes large amounts of the hormone serotonin. Carcinoid ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Coughing up blood: see hemoptysis.

CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Hepatic: Having to do with the liver.

Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Iodine: An element in the diet that is essential for the manufacture of hormones by the th...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lobe: Part of an organ that appears to be separate in some way from the rest. A lobe may b...

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Lobectomy: An operation to remove an entire lobe of the lung.

Lung cancer: Cancer of the major organ of respiration - the lung. Lung cancer kills more m...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymph node: One of many small, bean-shaped organs located throughout the lymphatic system....

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Metastasize: The spread from one part of the body to another. When cancer cells metastasiz...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neuroendocrine: Having to do with neuroendocrinology: the interactions between the ...

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Node: Literally a knot, a node is a collection of tissue. For example a lymph node, is a ...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Optic: Having to do with vision.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periphery: 1. The outside or surface of a structure; the portion outside the centr...

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Pigmentation: The coloring of the skin, hair, mucous membranes, and retina of the eye. Pig...

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Pneumonectomy: An operation to remove an entire lung or part of a lung.

Primary tumor: A tumor that is at the original site where it first arose. For example, a p...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Radioactive: Emitting energy waves due to decaying atomic nuclei. Radioactive substances a...

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Radioactive iodine: An isotope of the chemical element iodine that is radioactive. Radioa...

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Radiologic: Having to do with radiology.

Radionuclide: An unstable form of a chemical element that radioactively decays, resulting ...

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Radon: A radioactive element that is formed, as a gas, during the breakdown of radium. Rad...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Scintigraphy: A diagnostic test in which a two-dimensional picture of a body radiation sou...

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Staging: stagingDoing exams and tests to learn the extent of a cancer, especially whether ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thoracotomy: An operation to open the chest, usually in order to gain access to the lungs ...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conn...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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