Carcinoid Lung Tumor (cont.)
Carcinoid Lung Tumor Treatment
There is no medical therapy for the treatment of carcinoid lung tumor.
Surgery is the primary treatment for carcinoid lung tumors.
- Chemotherapy (using medications to kill
cancer cells) and
(using high-dose X-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells) have
been used in the treatment of carcinoid lung tumors that have spread; however,
no success has been achieved.
- A response rate of 30%-35% has been reported using a combination of the drugs
5-fluorouracil (Adrucil) and streptozotocin.
- If the patient is having symptoms associated with carcinoid syndrome (for
diarrhea) he or she may be given a drug called
octreotide (Sandostatin). Octreotide is
not a cure; it is used only when the disease has spread and the patient has symptoms
associated with carcinoid syndrome.
- Another drug (MIBG) is taken up by carcinoid cells and damages them.
Researchers are studying MIBG to see if it is effective in the treatment of
carcinoid lung tumors.
- In some malignant cases, the tumor can spread to the
liver. If this is a
solitary mass, it may be treated with chemotherapy directed at the hepatic
artery feeding the location of the tumor.
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