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Cardiomyopathy is a term that describes the end result of many diseases and illnesses. The type of heart muscle damage that occurs and the subsequent decrease in the pumping capability of the heart depends upon the injury, the amount of damage to the heart, and the potential for recovery.
Some cardiomyopathies are completely preventable, for example alcoholic cardiomyopathy due to long-term excessive alcohol consumption. Others are unavoidable such as cardiomyopathy due to a viral infection.
Living a healthy lifestyle will help minimize the risk of developing some cardiomyopathies. This includes maintaining a healthy, balanced diet and pursuing a routine exercise regimen, For ischemic cardiomyopathy, risk reduction includes life-long control of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
In patients who are at risk for genetic cardiomyopathy such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, screening echocardiograms may be advisable to prevent sudden cardiac death.
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