Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times
Diabetes is part of your life. You can learn how to take
care of yourself and your diabetes when you're sick, when you're at work or
school, when you travel, when you're thinking about having a baby or are
pregnant, or when there's an
emergency or natural disaster.
When You're Sick
Having a cold, the
flu, or an infection can raise your blood glucose levels.
You can have serious health problems leading to a coma if your blood glucose
levels are very high.
Be prepared for illness. Make a plan ahead of time for sick days. Ask your
health care team
- how often to check your blood glucose levels
- whether you should check for
ketones in your blood or urine
- whether you should change your usual dose of
your diabetes medicines
- what to eat and drink
- when to call your health care
Your health care team may recommend the following:
- Check your blood glucose level at least four times a day and write down
the results in your record book. Keep your results handy so you can report
results to your health care team.
- Keep taking your diabetes medicines, even if you're not able to eat.
- Drink at least 1 cup, or 8 ounces, of water or other calorie-free,
caffeine-free liquid every hour while you're awake.
- If you can't eat your
usual food, try eating or drinking any of the following:
- dry toast
- broth or bouillon
- popsicles or sherbet
- regular-not sugar-free-gelatin
- regular-not sugar-free-soda
Your health care provider may say you should call right away if
- your blood glucose levels are above 240 even though you've taken your
- your urine or blood ketone levels are
- you vomit more than once
- you have diarrhea for more than 6
- you have trouble breathing
- you have a high fever
- you can't think clearly or you feel
sleepier than usual
You should call your health care provider if you have questions about taking
care of yourself.
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