Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times article.

Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Ketone: A chemical substances that the body makes when it does not have enough insulin in ...

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Lab test: A test that is done in the laboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies,...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Nurse: 1) A person trained, licensed, or skilled in nursing. 2) To feed an infant at the ...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Yogurt: A dairy product made by fermented milk with one or more bacterial cultures. It has...

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