Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Carpal tunnel syndrome: Compression and irritation of the median nerve as it passes under ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Flexion: The process of bending, or the state of being bent. For example, flexion of the f...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Hypothyroid: Deficiency of thyroid hormone which is normally made by the thyroid gland wh...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Median: The middle, as in the median strip in a highway. For example, the median nerve is ...

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Mononeuropathy: A disorder of a single nerve or nerve trunk. Mononeuropathies may be due t...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palm: The grasping side of the hand; the flexor surface of the hand. In contrast to the ba...

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Palmar: Pertaining to the palm (the grasping side) of the hand. The ancient Romans used th...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Rheumatologist: A specialist in the non-surgical treatment of rheumatic illnesses, espec...

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Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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