Cat Scratch Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cat Scratch Disease article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acinetobacter: (Pronounced AH-sin-neto-bacter). A group of bacteria found in soil, water, ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirate: To draw in by suction. A patient may aspirate for example by accidentally drawin...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Axillary: Pertaining to the armpit, the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and the bod...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cat scratch disease: A bacterial infection due to a cat scratch seen most often today in ...

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Cat scratch fever: An infection caused by the Bartonella henslae bacteria. Almost half of ...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Encephalopathy: Disease, damage, or malfunction of the brain. In general, encephalopathy i...

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Endocarditis: an inflammation of one or more of the heart valves and lining tissues of the...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Gram-negative: Gram-negative bacteria lose the crystal violet stain (and take the color of...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

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Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inguinal: Having to do with the groin.

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymph node: One of many small, bean-shaped organs located throughout the lymphatic system....

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Lymphoma: A tumor of the lymphoid tissue. The major types of lymphoma are Hodgkin's diseas...

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neuralgia: Pain along the course of a nerve.

NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Node: Literally a knot, a node is a collection of tissue. For example a lymph node, is a ...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Osteomyelitis: Inflammation of the bone due to infection, for example, by the bacteria sal...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Papules: Small solid rounded bumps rising from the skin that are each usually less than 1 ...

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Pleomorphic: Many-formed. For example, a pleomorphic tumor would be a growth that is compo...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Specificity: 1. The quality of being specific as, for example, she showed the use o...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Suppurate: To form or discharge pus. The adjective is suppurative, as in suppurative arthr...

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Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

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Symptomatic treatment: Therapy that eases the symptoms without addressing the basic cause ...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Medical Dictionary