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Causes and Treatments of Migraine Headaches (cont.)

Transformed migraine

Migraine transformation has been a term used by some experts to describe when intermittent migraines become daily migraines. This type of headache is believed to be associated with analgesic or ergotamine overuse. Patients report intermittent typical migraine attacks along with the daily chronic headaches.

Transformed migraine, Treatment


  • Stopping all analgesics and headache-related medications is best done in an inpatient setting.
  • Doctors may prescribe a clonidine (Catapres) patch to lessen withdrawal symptoms if narcotic analgesics are involved.
  • Preventive: Preventive treatments for transformed migraine headaches are identical to those used for the other types of migraine headache.

Other uncommon chronic headaches

Hemicrania continua and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania are uncommon forms of chronic headache. Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania is a severe chronic headache similar to cluster headache. It has a male predominance. The headaches are paroxysmal (pulsing), with pain in the temple/eye region lasting 20-30 minutes. The paroxysms occur several times a day. This type of headache can last several years. Treatment with indomethacin (Indocin) results in a dramatic response.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/10/2016
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