Causes and Treatments of Migraine Headaches Topic Guide
Causes and Treatments of Migraine and Related Headaches: Two general types of headaches exist: primary (like migraines and cluster headaches) and secondary ( headaches caused by a structural problem, trauma, or infection.) Triggers include stress, lack of sleep, not enough food or fluids, and many other causes. A variety of medications all working through a variety of different mechanisms are used to treat migraines.
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Cluster Headache Cluster headaches are different that typical headaches or migraines in that they begin intensely and last from 5 minutes to an hour. They may come several times during the day, punctuated by painless periods. The cause is unclear, but competing theories trace cluster headaches to either a malfunctioning vascular system in the brain, or a malfunctioning neurological symptom in the brain. A variety of drugs is used to treat cluster headaches.
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